We often laugh or smile unconsciously whenever we see an obese person. Infect we like to have any stuff of life hale and hearty. It will be more precise to say that nature tends towards a normal life. The same is with our bodies. The causes and symptoms of obesity are obvious. Therefore, to take into account a person’s physical and mental health, a better approach for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of obesity is necessary. Before moving further let’s have an overview that what is obesity?
The surplus of body fat is obesity. It can shorten your life. This disease may also cause the risk of developing several conditions. These may include blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, heart disorder, and some types of cancer. Moreover, many other health risks arise for an obese person. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control), in the United States, near 40-percent of adults are obese. Obesity tends to rise around the world. WHO (World Health Organization) estimates that the obesity rate reached a triple fold since 1975.
But, where you carry the extra weight, it also ‘means’. People who cart more weight around their waist may face more health issues than those who carry it on legs and thighs. Obesity is not easy to treat and shows a high setback rate. Most people are seen to lose weight and then regain it. Even though medicine and diet can help, the treatment of obesity is not short-term. You can’t fix a timeline. But, you may have to make a lifelong commitment to proper diet, physical activity, and regular exercise. If you want to maintain a healthy weight or check your obesity than BMI table will help you.
Body Mass Index (BMI) Table:
It may hard to directly measure your body fat. BMI is a trendy table for estimating a healthy weight. You may use it as a guide to help estimate the amount of fats you have. BMI also considers height along with weight to measure obesity. So, it is a more accurate tool for healthy weight than the body weight alone. To calculate BMI:
- First, multiply weight in pounds by 703
- Second, divide the answer with your height in inches
- Third, again divide that answer with your height in inches
Then follow the chart below to find what category your BMI falls into.
|less than 18.5||Underweight|
|18.5 – 24.9||Healthy (fit)|
|25.0 – 29.9||Overweight|
|30.0 – 39.9||Obese (fat)|
|Over 40||Morbidly obese|
The goal should be to attain a healthier weight, not necessarily an ideal weight.
Causes of Obesity
Taking more calories than you burn and long exercise causes obesity. Furthermore, these extra calories add up in the form of fats and results in weight gain. Some specific causes of obesity are:
- eating foods rich with fats and calories
- a desk bound (inactive) lifestyle
- some drugs like steroid hormones and psychiatric medicines can cause obesity.
- not sleeping timely or not sleeping enough. This routine brings hormonal changes, so you feel hunger and desire certain high calories food.
- genetics plays an important role in likely hood of becoming obese. Some rare genetic disorders make it nearly impossible to avoid obesity.
- age factor leads to less muscle mass and also results in a slower metabolism. So, it makes easier to gain weight.
- pregnancy causes a weight gain which sometimes becomes difficult to lose and results in obesity.
Besides these, certain diseases may also raise an overweight problem for you. They are:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: It triggers an abnormal hormone level in the female reproductive system.
- Prader Willi syndrome: Though, it is a rare condition with that an individual is born, it can cause excessive hunger in that person.
- Cushing syndrome: A disorder that source an unnecessary amount of the Cortisol hormone in your system.
- Underactive thyroid: A condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t work properly. It may also result in weight gain.
- Osteoarthritis: This condition causes pain that leads to an inactivity of body metabolism.
Some researchers say that every person has an encoded weight and thus body usually resists moving away from it. Moreover, people of the same age, sex, and height often contain varying metabolic rates. This shows their bodies burn calories differently. Now let’s move forward towards symptoms of obesity.
Symptoms of Obesity
One of the primary warning symptoms of obesity is excessive body weight. Therefore, if you are fatty, you may experience one or a combination of the following signs:
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Trouble in breathing (sleep apnea)
- Varicose veins (superficial veins that become enlarged and twisted and may cause obesity)
- Skin rashes due to sweating and accumulation of dust in your skin folds.
- Gallbladder stones
- Osteoarthritis in joints, particularly the knees
These symptoms are warning signs for you to take prompt measures for your obesity. To overlook, this disorder may lead to great risk for your life.
Risk Factors of Obesity
Research says that some people are more prone to put on weight than others. According to the American Psychological Association, the personality traits of neuroticism, low self-care, and aggression may play a role in gaining and losing weight. Besides these factors, some other risk factors for obesity are:
- Unhealthy food, soft drinks
- High blood pressure
- Higher level of blood sugar (diabetes)
- High cholesterol level
- Higher triglycerides level
Also, your family history (Inheritance) of obesity may perform a vital role in defining your body weight. On getting enough information about causes, symptoms, and risk factors of obesity, now get a sight on diagnosis.
Diagnosis of Obesity
If you are overweight and feel that you are moving towards obesity, then you must see your doctor. The health professional may examine you for the diagnosis of obesity and also inquire about your inherited history. Therefore, upon making a diagnosis for obesity, your health professional will decide to follow a certain line for your treatment. The following measures can be taken:
1-It is diagnosed by calculating your BMI. As said earlier that BMI takes your height and weight to define obesity. A BMI value of 30 or more shows; you are obese. In a broad sense, it indicates that your body weight is 35-40 % more than the ideal body weight.
2-Measurement for your body fat carried out by skin calipers. It is an instrument that gauges the thickness of your skin.
3- Waist circumference is a good determine of abdominal obesity. If you are a female and carry a waist over 35 then you are obese. Similarly a male is obese, if he has a waist over 40-inches. So, body shape also matters in your fattiness. Also, people who put on weight around the waist (apple-shaped posture) are at risk of heart disease and diabetes. But, people who get fat on hips and thighs (pear-shaped posture) often have at lower risk.
Therefore, if your doctor diagnosis that you are going towards obesity; you may undergo a treatment.
Treatment for obesity
Obesity is a lifelong problem. Weight gaining is easy but weight loss is not. Once lost, you will have to constantly work out for maintaining a healthier body weight. Moreover, the length of time to reach your goal depends on the type of treatment you opt for obesity. Medication, surgery, and some home remedies may also play an important role in losing weight.
- Non-prescription orlistat: It melts fats in the intestine. Xenical is an example of it.
- Other non-prescription diet pills: Several non-prescribed diet pills are available in the market. Some experts believe these pills may cause a higher risk of stroke.
- Prescription diet pill: Your doctor may advise medication along with a calorie-restricted diet. But, you often gain weight on stopping the intake of these medications.
A bariatric surgery (weight-loss surgery) is considered if your BMI is 30-40 or greater. Moreover, you are facing a medical disorder that directly relates to obesity. But, nowadays many people go for this surgery as a cosmetic treatment of obesity. Some common types of surgical procedures are:
- Gastroplasty (stomach stapling): Your surgeon creates a small pouch (balloon) in the stomach. So, you can eat only a limited quantity of food at one time.
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding:The surgeon embeds a lap-band around your stomach. It is done by laparoscopic procedures. Therefore, your surgeon makes a tiny hole in the small intestine ahead of the normal stomach line. The inflatable silicone band is placed on the top portion of the stomach to treat obesity.
Healthy lifestyle changes are important to combat the problem of obesity. So, you can experience some easy yet effective natural home remedies to aid up your weight loss attempts.
- Lemon juice
- Apple cider Vinegar
- Green tea
- Aloe Vera
- Cayenne Pepper
- Fennel seeds
All of the above-mentioned foods are often or somehow rich in vitamin A and C, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and iron. So, they provide all the vital nutrients required for the normal activity of your nerves and muscles. They help in digestion and detoxification. Furthermore, they aid in the removal of toxins from your body and help to slow down your body’s metabolism.
Besides this, a modified diet, regular exercise, and body mobility also help to get rid of obese body posture.
Prevention for Obesity
As discussed earlier, to maintain an ideal or required body weight, eat a balanced and low calories diet. Make a habit for regular exercise and keep yourself active. Furthermore, once fat cells form in the body, they remain there forever. Though you can decrease the size of fat cells, you cannot remove them permanently.
Obesity is a condition of excessive body fat. It can raise a person’s risk for certain disorders. Heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, and diabetes are common issues for an obese person. Therefore, maintaining your ideal body posture is not easy. So, you can take help from the body mass index (BMI) table. A value of BMI 30 or greater, points that you are obese. If you know the causes, symptoms of your obesity, rush towards your doctor for timely diagnosis and treatment.
Your personality trait also plays a key role in gaining and losing body weight. It is seen that people of the same age, sex, and height possess varying metabolic rates. Thus, everybody burns calories differently. Regular exercise, medication, surgery, or some home remedies may help you in balancing a healthier weight.